On February 1, 1861, Texas seceded from the Union. The strongest opponent was Sam Houston (March 2, 1793 – July 26, 1863), who felt Texas should remain part of the USA.
Michael P. Anderson, American astronaut (b. 1959),
David Brown, American astronaut (b. 1956),
Kalpana Chawla, American astronaut (b. 1961),
Laurel Clark, American astronaut (b. 1961),
Rick Husband, American astronaut (b. 1957),
Willie McCool, American astronaut (b. 1961), and
Ilan Ramon, Israeli astronaut (b. 1954).
Ilan Ramon was the first Israeli astronaut. His first name, Ilan, means "tree" in Hebrew. Ilan changed his last name from Wolferman when he joined the Israeli Air Force. On June 7, 1981, he was the youngest pilot taking part in Operation Opera, Israel's strike against Iraq's unfinished Osiraq nuclear reactor, 10 miles southeast of Baghdad.
Palestine entered the news in February 2003, as one of the East Texas towns that received much of the debris from the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster, where seven astronauts were killed, including the first Israeli astronaut. Palestine is also home to the NASA Columbia Scientific Balloon Facility (renamed after the shuttle crash), which has flown 1700 high-altitude balloons for universities and research agencies. Source.