Thursday, July 16, 2015

Chattanooga: 11 AM on Route 11

The news of the Chattanooga shooting is all over the media today, as it should be. Four U.S. Marines were killed, and the shooter was found dead.

At the bottom is a typical detailed news article.

Let's look at the twilight language in the story.

These events occurred at 11 am on one road that is known as the Lee Highway. Lee Highway is a National Auto Trail in the United States connecting New York City and San Francisco, California via the South and Southwest. It was named after Robert E. Lee. Lee Highway passes through East Tennessee via US 11 from Chattanooga to Dixie Lee Junction.

Considering the recent events in Charleston on Calhoun Street, here we find ourselves with an event on a highway with a name again associated with a Confederate general.

The other road is Amnicola Highway. The thoroughfare was named for Thomas Crutchfield's plantation.

Amnicola was an antebellum estate owned by Thomas Crutchfield. He named the farm "Amnicola", which in Latin means "dwelling by the river". The farm was the site where General Sherman's troops crossed the Tennessee River prior to the Battle of Missionary Ridge. The house served as a field hospital during the conflict.
In the morning of November 24, 1863, the Crutchfield family awoke to find their farm occupied by several thousand soldiers from the Union's Army of the Tennessee, who had arrived by pontoon boats during the night. Under the command of General William Tecumseh Sherman, the troops immediately began digging rifle trenches and fortifications. A floating bridge was built across the Tennessee River, and by afternoon, some 17,000 men had crossed to attack Confederate positions on the north end of Missionary Ridge. After the battle, a field hospital was set up at Amnicola, and in the days that followed, over a thousand wounded soldiers were treated there.
The war left Amnicola in shambles. Years of work were required to rebuild. Crutchfield succeeded in restoring the plantation and its beautiful gardens. He was widely known for his advanced farming practices, orchards, sheep, and cattle. With his generous and genial nature, Thomas Crutchfield, Jr. had great influence on the early development of Chattanooga. He died in 1886. Source.

An ancient Indian mound was found on Amnicola Highway.

The specific meaning of Amnicola is from amnis ("river") + colō ("cultivate").

The Chickamauga and Chattanooga campaign in the Civil War was a significant part of the conflict in the South.

The etymology of Chickamauga and Chattanooga points to an old story in which Chickamauga means the "River of Blood."

Chattanooga is also allegedly known as Atlanuwa, Hawk’s Nest, or the home of the Tlanuwa, which is actually more like the Thunderbird.

As far as a name game with the killer's name, he was the one who talked of his own name. Mohammad Youssuf Abdulazeez used this quote with his Red Bank High School senior picture, "My name causes national security alerts. What does yours do?" Hijabman.

"HijabMan" means "Muslim hipster."

The date is significant. Ramadan began in the evening of Wednesday, June 17, 2015, and ends in the evening of Friday, July 17, 2015. Today, July 16, 2015, is the last full day of Ramadan.

July 16, 622 – The beginning of the Islamic calendar.

July 16, 1969 – Apollo program: Apollo 11, the first mission to land astronauts on the Moon, is launched from the Kennedy Space Center at Cape Kennedy, Florida.

Did ISIS tweet the event before it happened?

Four military personnel were shot and killed and a Chattanooga Police officer was shot Thursday morning in an attack on a local military recruiting office on Lee Highway, then a shootout near the Naval Reserve Center on Amnicola Highway.
The police officer was reported in stable condition with a shot to the ankle.
Two others were injured.
The shooter was shot and killed. Reports listed his name as Muhammad Youssef Abdulazeez, who was living in Hixson and is originally from Phoenix, Ariz. A SWAT Team and numerous police units were at his home on Colonial Way Circle, which is off Colonial Drive near Lake Chickamauga. Near-by neighbors were told to leave their residences. Abdulazeez is a naturalized U.S. citizen from Kuwait.
President Barack Obama gave a live statement from the White House condemning the attack and saying authorities will make every effort to determine the facts surrounding the incident. He issued his condolences to the four families who lost loved ones.
An ISIS-affiliated account tweeted "You will see wonders Chattanooga" at about the time of the shooting outbreak.
The shootings were at a Naval recruiting facility at 6219 Lee Highway and the Naval Reserve Center on Amnicola Highway. FBI Agent in Charge Ed Reinhold said those killed were at the facility on Amnicola Highway near the Riverpark.
He said the shooter started at the military facility on Lee Highway around 10:45 a.m. Numerous bullet holes were in the front door, and there were a number of shell casings on the parking lot.
A witness said a vehicle pulled up and the driver brought out a large gun. She said he "fired one shot, then there were endless shots." She said some people from the recruiting office ran out the back door.
Agent Reinhold said the man drove the seven miles between the two facilities, and the entire incident was over in about 30 minutes.
He did not answer a question at an afternoon press conference on whether the shooter was shot by police or took his own life.
He said the shooter is from the Chattanooga area.
Early on, Mayor Andy Berke said one police officer and a shooting suspect were down. Mayor Berke tweeted "Horrific incident in our community. We will release details as they are confirmed. Prayers to all those affected."
At the press conference he called it "a nightmare for the city of Chattanooga," saying there was "a vicious attack at two different locations on people who proudly serve our country."
Mayor Berke called it "incomprehensible" and said authorities "will respond will every resource we have available."
Police Chief Fred Fletcher praised city and county police for responding quickly and preventing further carnage.
The gunman was reportedly driving a silver Mustang and wielding a high-powered rifle. Agent Reinhold said he had numerous weapons with him.
Numerous ambulances and emergency vehicles went to both scenes. Additional ambulances were still going to the scene at Amnicola Highway as late as 11:40 a.m.
Chattanooga State Community College nearby was on lockdown and later called off classes for the rest of the day.
Amnicola Highway was blocked in both directions.

Shortly after 1 p.m., police said the "active shooter" situation was over.
There were no reported shootings in Bradley County, but authorities were making a "clean sweep" at the Bradley County Mall.
Special ATF agents were being sent to Chattanooga in response to the shootings. Agent Reinhold said several hundred FBI agents would be sent here to investigate.
U.S. Attorney Bill Killian said the FBI is in charge of the probe, but that it would be a joint investigation.
He said it was still to be determined whether it was an act of terrorism or a criminal act.
U.S. Attorney Killian called it "a sad day for the United States."
Officials from Erlanger said, "Today a tragic incident took place in our community. Following the shooting incident which occurred this morning on Amnicola Highway, Erlanger’s Trauma Center received three shooting victims, a Chattanooga police officer and two members of the military. One of those patients was discharged from Erlanger this afternoon; the other two are still being treated.
"Erlanger officials continue to work closely with the Mayor’s Office, Chattanooga Police Department, Hamilton County Emergency Operations Center and federal officials. More information will be released on the condition of the remaining gunshot victims as it becomes available.
"Our facility remains open to patients. Emergency patients are still being accepted, and everyone has the ability to arrive and depart from our hospital.
"Please join our staff in keeping the families and victims of this terrible tragedy in your thoughts and prayers."
Authorities said they had no warning about the attack.
No flights at the Chattanooga Airport were impacted; the airport has remained open and operational throughout the day.
The sanctuary of Abba’s House is open for prayer for the city until 6:30 p.m. Officials said, "The community is welcome to come and pray for the families of those who were killed, those who were wounded, first responders, military and the city."

In light of Thursday's tragedy there will be a Community-Wide Prayer Vigil, at 7:30 p.m. at Wesley Memorial United Methodist Church, 6314 East Brainerd Road, Chattanooga.
Church of the Highlands will hold a city-wide prayer gathering for the victims of Thursday's shootings, and peace to come to the Scenic City at 6:30 p.m. at 6621 Hunter Road, Harrison, Tn. 37341. The community is invited to join in praying for the city.
The Derby Downs Subdivision off of Hickory Valley Road in Chattanooga is placing its neighborhood flag at half mast and lining the entrance way with small American flags. This is an act of respect for the 4 Marines who lost their lives on Thursday and in honor of the law enforcement who keep Chattanooga safe. Derby Downs Homeowners Association encourages all subdivisions to join in this tribute to these brave heroes. Source.

My thanks to Matt Bell (for the breaking news) and Travis Vaughn for valuable TL insights.


Julia Morgan Scott said...

Highway 11 is also the original route of the 1838 Trail of Tears, in which Cherokee people were forced out of their homes in Tennessee, Georgia and North Carolina and force marched to Oklahoma at great loss of life. The original path followed Old Lee Highway, now Highway 11, beginning from Charleston, TN, and nearby Calhoun, TN, and passed directly by the site of the 2015 shooting.

Julia Morgan Scott said...

If you look on Google maps, South Chickamauga Creek crosses Lee Highway not far from the first shooting site, then snakes north and empties into the Tennessee river near the Naval Reserve Center, very roughly mirroring the shooter's route. After the Battle for Missionary Ridge,fought just a few miles away,the rout of Confederate forces took place almost directly over Highway 11 and soldiers retreated to South Chickamauga Creek. I've lived in the neighborhood myself for many years, zip code ending in 11.